Overweight has many complications and diabetes is one of them. The alarming rate at which diabetes is growing in India is truly a concern.
The experts at Capitol Hospital will discuss this issue and increase your expertise on this.
India has a growing obesity problem. From 1975 to 2014 India has seen a prominent increase in obesity, especially in women. In 2014, there were 20 million obese women as compared to less than 8 lakh in 1975.
Well, the problem doesn’t end here. Obesity is the reason behind so many chronic diseases. One among them is diabetes.
More than 90% of the population suffering from diabetes is obese or overweight.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when cells of our body fail to respond to the insulin being produced in the body.
Abdominal fat, also known as visceral fat is the fat which is present in the abdominal cavity, i.e. the area where your liver, pancreases, and intestines are present.
This abdominal (visceral) fat is linked to insulin resistance which can lead to many health complications like type 2 diabetes.
Obesity results in stress in the cellular membranes of the cell. These cellular membranes are called endoplasmic reticulum. The endoplasmic reticulum is responsible for the processing of fats and proteins in the cell. This stress in the cellular membrane affects the endoplasmic reticulum which curbs the signals of insulin receptors. This leads to insulin resistance of the body, which leads to type 2 diabetes.
Obesity may cause prediabetes which can, in turn, lead to type 2 diabetes.
- Experts believe that some changes can go a long way to prevent type 2 diabetes. And even if you have type 2 diabetes, exercise and lifestyle changes can go a long way to help you avoid complications.
- 5% reduction in your body weight along with regular moderate-intensity exercise could reduce your type 2 diabetes risk by more than 50%.
- Reducing your weight can improve your body’s insulin insensitivity and reduce your risk of health problems. Weight management is the best way to reduce your risk and minimize further complications.
- So, daily exercise and a good diet is the best way to curb diabetes.
- Going for a brisk walk, avoiding extra fried food, removing junk from your diet, all are steps in the right direction.