All of us have faced emergencies, be it a road accident, an accidental fire, near-drowning incidents, some allergic reaction. A few of us know what to do in these panic induced situations. CPR is a useful technique to save someone’s life in such situations. The experts at Capitol Hospital will tell you about the technique of CPR and how to perform it.
Cardiology means ‘branch that deals with peculiarities of the heart’ and pulmonary means ‘of the lungs’ and resuscitation means ‘to revive someone from unconsciousness’; CPR basically is an emergency procedure that includes chest compressions andrevitalizingthe respirations in an effort to preserve complete brain function.
It is basically performed to help a person who has stopped breathing. When the heart stops, the lack of oxygenated blood can cause brain damage in only a few minutes. A person may die within eight to 10 minutes.
The main purpose of CPR is to restore partial flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and heart.
The American Heart Association uses the acronym of CAB — compressions, airway, breathing — to help people remember the order to perform the steps of CPR.
The steps to perform CPR as follows:
- Firstly be calm yourself and try to make the person talk if he/she can. Call for medical assistance immediately.
- Put the person on his or her back on a firm surface.
- Loosen any tight collars or scarves which may be making it difficult for them to breathe.
- Kneel next to the person’s neck and shoulders.
- Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person’s chest. Place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keeping your elbows straight; position your shoulders directly above your hands.
- Use your upper body weight as you push straight down on (compress) the chest at least 2 inches but not greater than 2.4 inches. Push hard at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions a minute.
- Continue with this approach if you have not been trained in CPR until the medical personnel takes over.
- If you have been trained in CPR go ahead and do 30 chest compressions, after which open the airway by keeping your hand on the person’s forehead and tilting the head back. With your other hand, lift the chin gently to open the airway. Check for normal breathing for a few seconds and feel for the person’s breath on you.
- If the breathing is not normal, you can start mouth-to-mouth breathing. Do this procedure only and only if you have been trained in CPR. If not, you can continue with chest compressions until medical assistance arrives, say the experts at Capitol.
- Continue CPR until you see the person getting revived or medical assistance arrives.
Knowing how to do CPR can be a real lifesaver in dire emergency situations. So, let us learn this simple yet awesome way to save lives.